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Freshman Debates

2. If you are sure it is credible and useful, make your citation. 

3. Get it approved by Ms. Oremland. If you can't wait until she is scoring everyone's at once, email her using the directions you received. OR...for a faster response, email Ms. Oremland the url of a source you are not sure about if you are worried it will not be approved. 

NOTE: the earlier you ask for your source to be approved, the more likely it is you will get the score. Ms. Oremland is not always at her computer or checking email.

4. After your source has 2/3 or 3/3, make note cards.


School Database subscriptions

Username: ausd

User ID: 


Remember: there are 3 different EBSCO databases:

Public Library Databases

Databases from Alameda County Library - You will need a valid Albany library card #

Berkeley Public Library
Academic OneFile from Berkeley Public Library
You will need a valid library card #: 2191300*******

Getting the most out of databases

1.  make sure you limit yourself to key words, and try different combinations - do NOT type in long phrases or questions
2. try using Advanced search
3. click the Full Text box
4. limit results by source type (ie delete journal articles if you don't want them)
5. make sure you know if you are reading an opinion or something more informational
6. in some databases, you can save articles to Google Drive
7. use the citation tools for MLA to copy and paste citations into Noodle Tools

Citing database articles in Noodle Tools

1. first determine: does the article have the info I want? Is it factual or is it just someone's opinion?

2. then determine: what kind of article is this? Like, what was it originally, before it went into the database? Newspaper? Magazine? Journal? from some kind of encyclopedia or reference source?

3. in Noodle Tools:

-select which kind of article it is (Newspaper? Magazine? Journal? Reference?)

-then click the Database tab

- click Copy and Paste Citation: copy and paste your citation

-add the year of the article and the URL to the boxes below the citation. For EBSCO, you must paste the permalink, which you can find on the right of the page under the citation tools button.

If you are having trouble getting back to your database article, simply log back into the correct database, and then search the article by title.

Reminders about creating digital Note Cards on Noodle Tools

------->always make notecards in Sources by clicking the New button next to the citation<---------

-The only boxes to fill out are: Direct Quotation, ParaphraseTags, My Ideas, Title +  - in that order!

-For Direct Quotation, copy and paste the entire paragraph you think has useful information, then use the highlighting tool to highlight the part of the paragraph that has the most useful information.
IMPORTANT: Make sure to say where the information originally came from and details about that person or organization. 

example: original source was Nation magazine which leans liberal
example: author is Amanda Chin, an award winning professor of sociology from Yale

-Under TAGS add a category for your card. You can add multiple tags to each card. This will help you sort your cards later. You might want to use your name as a tag.

-MY IDEAS is the most important part of your note card and is worth the most points. 

Your goal is to explain how the information helps you:
-understand key background information or definitions
-support a sub-claim
-give you clues about what to research next

Remember: try to make your My Ideas a series of logical statements that contains the word "therefore".

example: This information about teenage drinking shows that drinking is particularly dangerous for young people and therefore helps the Negative claim that drinking should not be lowered to 18.

-Make sure to pick an excellent Title for your note card. It should be about the main idea. It should be very very very very specific.

BAD title examples: 
Death penalty





OK title examples: 
Death penalty costs

Death penalty imprisonment statistics

Death penalty advantage 

Quote from death penalty expert

BETTER title examples:

Lethal injection costs

Imprisonment rates for minorities

Sacramento victim story

Quote - Princeton law professor


You will eventually need to organize your notecards so that the evidence on them can be used effectively for cross-ex and the speeches.

The purpose of tagging is to make the process of sorting your information easier for your future selves.

  • You should use the following tags to tag your teammate’s notecards

  • Your team should agree on a tag for each specific sub-claim (e.g.: econ, smallb, braindev)

  • You may use more than one tag per notecard

  • Tags are only as useful as your thinking behind using the tags.




Affirmative: This card is useful for the Affirmative arguments


Negative: This card is useful for the Negative arguments


Background Info: This card is neutral and provides background/context to the topic. This might be an important definition or concept.

  • [org] defines the poverty line as….

  • In 1965, LBJ signed the Voting Rights Act which stated…


Opinion: This card has an opinion/argument from a credible expert that could become one of your sub-claims. This source is recognized as reputable/has good reputation. (ethos)


Research Studies: This card contains fact(s) from a credible research study. (Logos)

  • E.g.: a study by the NIH in 2000 found that adolescents’ brains are not fully developed until late 20s


Statistics: This card has information that is statistical. Meaning there is a PERCENTAGE or a RATIO in the DQ (Logos)

  • E.g.: acc to [org] 30% of all Americans have been in a car crash in the past year

  • E.g.: The avon foundation states that 1 of 2 women contract Breast Cancer


Anecdote: This card has an anecdote/story that illustrates and supports a subclaim. (Pathos)

  • E.g.: [name] is a lifelong republican who had terminal cancer. He told Paul Ryan that the ACA saved his life.


  1. You MUST spell the tag correctly. Capitalization does not matter. (hsahtag ≠ hashtag. Statistic ≠ stat)

  2. You may use more than one tag per note card.

    1. example: aff Study  [note: that tags are separated by a space. No commas needed.]

    2. Once you add a tag to a notecard it becomes part of the “My Tags” list; in the future, select tags from the “My tags list” to keep tagging consistent

How to Delete Unwanted Tags

Make sure your team is in agreement about deleting tags before you go do anything.

1. go to the Notecard tabletop

2. on the right, search your note cards by one of your weird tags - all the note cards with that tag will be highlighted in yellow

3. go to the blue tags button on the left - click it

4. select Edit/Delete tags

5. select the tag you just searched for and then delete it

6. repeat the process for other no longer wanted tags


What if I put note cards under the incorrect citation?

1. re-enter the citation correctly

2. go to the notecards that were attached to the incorrect citation. Click Edit. 
Under "source" change the source to the correct citation.

3. delete the incorrect citation

What if I accidentally deleted something on Noodle Tools?

NOTECARDS: You can undelete notecards by going to the Notecards screen and clicking on the Recycle Bin button above the Notecard Tabletop area. Note that if they were organized into notecard piles before they were deleted, you'll have to re-create those piles after you undelete the notecards.

CITATIONS: You can undelete a citation by clicking the Recycle Bin button in the Sources section.